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Matera, on Basilicata’s boundary with Puglia, is world famous for its honeycomb of caves (sassi) and frescoed rock churches, Known to be a memorable Italian holiday destination. Matera is in Basilicata and is not always the most well known place for those in the UK. One of the best things about Matera has to be the fascinating caves. In fact, the caves have become the heart and soul of Matera.

These caves were once habited as they stood, however bad conditions during the 1950s meant that all the residents needed to find somewhere else to live. The 1980s saw these cave houses re-instated, redesigned and once again lived in.


The cave houses are fascinating and well worth a visit to Matera alone, however if you want to learn even more about the history then you can learn more about the town in the Museo Nazionale Ridola and also live the old style cave house experience with some of the reconstructed caves such as the Casa Grotta di Vico Solitario.

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Our Matera Expert

Whenever I visit Materia, I always like to take a walk down the Piazzo Duomo road and take in the sight of the spectacular Cathedral di Maria SS. Kestral birds chatter away from the rooftops as you walk by.

Matera At A Glance

Top Tip
Bring a GOOD pair of walking shoes!
Must do
Visit the Sassi cave-dwelling district, take a tour and visit historic reconstructions of cave life where time seems to have been frozen.
Known as
"La Citta Sotterranea" (the Subterranean City)
Best For
Explorations off the beaten track, History + Culture being a UNESCO Site.


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